Please feel free to share it with others.
A note from Heather Idoni: I was initially expecting to revise and update this unit... but I am going to leave it as it is. We have so much to learn from those pre-2000 days of preparation and to change any of Karen's words would be the equivalent of revisionist history. Although I chuckle about the white plastic buckets of wheat we still have in our basement, I am thankful for many other things we acquired and learned in those anxious days. We love our woodburning stove which has saved us hundreds of dollars in fuel each winter; we have learned to live happily without a hot water heater. I also appreciate knowing that we won't ever be in a panic when the lights go off! I do thank God that nothing serious ever came of Y2K... and I pray you will be blessed as you adapt and apply all that is relevant to us today in this unit. Enjoy!!
by Karen Caroe
with input from the Funschooling Unit Study Discussion Loop.
As I have been researching the Y2K problem, I have become
painfully aware of how inadequately prepared my family is to care for ourselves
in the event of a serious emergency.
The Bible says "A prudent man sees danger and takes refuge, but the simple
keep going and suffer for it." (NIV) The King James says the prudent man
Because Y2K is a problem that carries the potential for emergency, and because
it is a problem we can see coming, I believe we are being prudent to prepare for
the days ahead. I do not advocate a literal hiding of my family by removing
myself from society and moving to a remote location to take up homesteading.
There is nothing wrong with doing that, it just isn't the route I think we
should take. I believe we can hide from the effects of the danger by preparing
to meet the emergency head-on.
Y2K or not, we need to know what to do in case of an emergency. Once we are
prepared to care for ourselves and our families, we can prepare to help others,
ABOUT THE UNIT
This unit is designed for maximum flexibility. Each study and
activity is listed by academic subject area. Additionally, there are unit
vocabulary words, projects, resources, etc. The best way to use the unit is to
select the activities most applicable to your family and organize them into
daily lesson plans. There is a link to a free printable unit study planner
available on the Funschooling Homepage. Hit your back button or scroll to the
link at the bottom of this printable page.
There are applied math lessons but you will need to continue with your selected
I recommend beginning the unit with a discovery project. Have an "Emergency
Day" to find out what life would be like as you are right now. Select your
emergencies: no electric, no water, no communications, no transportation, no
money. Then, try going through the day. Record your children's observations. Use
the day as a place to see where you need to start preparing.
At the end of the unit, you will have another "Emergency Day". This
time, you should be prepared. Also, make sure you don't warn your children that
the emergencies are coming. That way you can adequately note the difference in
being prepared or unprepared.
ON THE INTERNET
Red Cross--A good place to start.
Cross—Virtual Museum (history)
Y2K for Women --
The Year 2000 Computer Problem: What Every Woman Needs to Know
to the Web - Emergency and Safety Links - cooking / recipes / garde (good
BACK TO BASICS--a Reader's Digest Book. Has been republished and
is available in many homeschooling catalogs.
You will need a Biography of Clara Barton from you library.
I also recommend you look for a basic first aid book to add to your home library.
1. Have your children brainstorm areas in which emergency
preparation is important. (Spiritual, Physical, Medical)
2. Consider how all of the following needs could be met in case of emergency.
(Clothing, Food, Water, Entertainment, Power, Light, Personal hygiene,
communications, refuse/sanitation, shelter, transportation, Pets, Medical,
3. Take "inventory" of any preparations you have already made or any
emergency situations you are already equipped to handle.
1. Read Proverbs 22:3. What does this say about being
prepared? Read it in several translations. What do you think "hideth"
(KJV) or "takes refuge" (NIV) means?
2. Read the story of Joseph when he was prominent in Egypt. How he interpreted Pharaoh's
dream about the 7 abundant and 7 lean years. What did he do? How
should that be an example to us?
3. Do we have responsibility to those beyond our own family? Did Joseph care for
others outside of Egypt?
4. What can we do for others in an emergency situation? How can we prepare ahead
to meet the needs of others?
5. Relate Prov. 22:3 to the story of Noah? Is there a relationship?
6. Can you think of any other examples or directives from the Bible that would
encourage us to be prepared for anything?
7. Is it possible to be Spiritually prepared for an emergency? How? See:
1.VOCABULARY WORDS: Emergency, stockpile, recession,
Prepared, hoard, fuel, storage, preserved, utilities, disaster, crisis,
2. Use the Vocabulary Words for spelling, dictionary skills, writing, etc. Know
the meanings of the words. Use them in daily speech.
3. Throughout the study, create a Family Emergency Handbook. In it, you can
document immunizations, list an inventory and location of first aid products and
medications, CPR certification cards and brochures. First Aid brochures. Lists
of food, clothing, and/or water you have available. Any poetry, scripture, new
articles, guides, etc.
4. Study sayings and decide what they mean. For example, "A bird in hand is
worth 2 in the bush." "A penny saved is a penny earned." "A
stitch in time saves nine." There are many others. How do they relate to
planning ahead? Have your children write their own.
5. Read some "technical writing" found in a medical journal or in a
first aid handbook. How is it different from other writings? Notice the
6. Have your child prepare a speech over any aspect of this unit. Example:
"Why we should be prepared for emergencies" "How to wrap a
sprain." "Alternate fuel sources." This will all depend on the
level of your child. I recommend that all the speeches require some degree of
research based on the level of the child.
1. Have your children figure how much food and water it
would take for your family to survive in an emergency for a specified length of
time. Base this on 1 gallon of water per person/per day and 2500 calories per
2. Have them figure cost of purchasing food--either regular grocery store food
or pre-packaged emergency food.
3. Have your children figure out how much cash your family would need to have on
hand if banks were not open.
4. Teach the economic theories of supply and demand.
5. Talk about what causes recession, inflation, and depression.
6. Have your children work out a way to stockpile food and water while working
with a budget.
7. What could you do if there were no money and you needed something? Talk about
bartering and how it works. Is it a feasible method for obtaining necessities.
1. Read a Biography of Clara Barton
2. Find out about the history of the Red Cross
3. What does the Red Cross stand for.
4. Learn something about the Federal Emergency
Management Agency (FEMA).
5. Identify some major disasters in world history--
the Titanic, Hindenburg, etc.
6. Identify some natural disasters in recent history--
earthquake, hurricanes, etc.
7. Try to find out if there have been any
emergencies or disasters in your community in
8. Place the events on a timeline and put them into
perspective with the other events of the time.
9. If you have studied any historical periods,
discuss how people lived. For example, the
pioneers. Their lifestyle would be an emergency
lifestyle for us. i.e.. no electricity, cars, phones.
What did they do in emergencies? What was
considered an emergency to them?
1. Begin to identify the physical geography of your
community. Do you have mountains, volcanoes, rivers, lakes, etc.
2. Try to create a map of your town, county,
region, etc. Where do you live in relationship to
these geographical landmarks.
3. Try to locate and aerial photograph or map of
your town. The photos are really neat if you can
4. Once you have a handle on your geography,
determine the potential for emergency. Are you
on a fault line for earthquakes, are you near a
river that could flood.
5. Study the people groups in your community.
Do you live in a city or rural area? Who could
you turn to for help? Who might you need to
6. What is the population of your community?
7. What is the political geography of your
community? Do you live in a township, county,
8. Try finding communities in other parts of the
world who have similar geographical
characteristics. Learn about the culture,
lifestyles, and people there.
9. Write a report comparing/contrasting your
community and life with those of a similar
10. Find out what disasters may have struck that
country. How was it handled? Would the result
be the same if the same disaster struck your
community? Why? Why not?
Note: Satellite photos can be searched out and
downloaded from http://www.teraserver.com
and it's fun to try and zoom in to your home by the surrounding landmarks (like
how the major highways bend and join in areas...). Higher quality
images can also be purchased, but you can see pretty well on the free ones.
OTHER SOCIAL STUDIES
1. What services are available for emergencies?
2. How would you contact them in an emergency?
What if communication lines were down?
3. What responsibilities might you have in a
4. What responsibility does the church have in a
1. Study different kinds of weather problems--
What is the difference between those?
How are they different?
2. Select one or more of the above and discuss
how they happen. What weather conditions
create those problems?
3. What kinds of emergencies are created by
those weather problems?
4. Research the Y2K computer bug. What is it?
Why is it causing so much distress?
5. Is it possible to "predict" natural disasters?
1. Take a basic first aid course or learn basic first aid
from a handbook.
2. Take a CPR/Basic Life Support Course. Children as young as 8 can be certified
in these courses.
3. View a midwifery video. Learn the basics of delivering a baby---This is ONLY
to be moderately prepared in the event you would be called upon in the most DIRE
emergency in order to save a life.
4. Begin gathering your first aid supplies.
5. Decide as a family--with guidance from Dad--how prepared your family should
be. Should you store water, fuel/heat, food? For how long?
6. Try canning and/or drying your own food for long term storage. Does it taste
7. Stage a mock emergency--different from the Emergency Day described above.
This would be like pretending to have a broken arm, or severe nosebleed. What
would you do?
8. Be sure your children know how to use 911. Place your address and phone
number near the phone. Have them practice using a pretend phone.
9. Visit a fire station/paramedic station.
10. Install smoke detectors or check existing ones. Consider installing CO2
detectors for Carbon Monoxide.
As you can see, this is only the barest outline of a lesson plan
for studying this immense topic. It is my prayer that you will have fun with
your children as you consider ways to insure your security and safety in an
emergency. It is also my desire that squelch any fear by understanding that God
is in total control. What we do now and in an emergency is our opportunity to
reflect him to others.